New LSE EUROPP Blog on Labour hoarding during the pandemic

New LSE EUROPP Blog by Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Lukas Lehner

Job retention schemes have helped Europe to avoid mass unemployment during the Covid-19 pandemic. Bernhard Ebbinghaus and Lukas Lehner write that while these schemes had an immediate impact during lockdown, the future development and long-term consequences of job retention policies remain uncertain.

Household joblessness in Europe during the crisis (2008-14)

In a new article in Socio-Economic Review (SER), Thomas Biegert (LSE, @thomasbiegert) and Bernhard Ebbinghaus (Oxford U., @B_Ebbinghaus) analyse whether the individual job loss since the Great Recession was absorbed or accumulated in households. They use EU-SILC data for 30 European countries and shift-share analysis to decompose the change in absolute HH non-employment from 2008 up to 2014 and attribute it to the change in individual non-employment, the change in HH sizes, and the change in polarization. In almost all countries the increase in household non-employment since the crisis was exacerbated by rising polarization (i.e. unequal distribution of job-loss) and decreasing HH sizes. Particularly households in many crisis countries, especially in Southern Europe, were hit by such job-loss. This is surprising because we would have expected that in countries with traditional family models and limited welfare support households would absorb the impact of job-loss.

Biegert, Thomas, and Bernhard Ebbinghaus. 2020. “Accumulation or Absorption? Changing Disparities of Household Non-employment in Europe During the Great Recession.” published online (14 February 2020) in Socio-Economic Review ( An open access preprint is also available on SocArXiv ( See also Social Europe blog: “Households failed to absorb massive job loss during economic crisis”, Social Europe (, blog, 26/3/2020).